Gambit Communications® Network Simulation

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MIMIC Simulator for testing your network management software.

Network Management Apps

MIMIC Simulator for testing your network management software. SNMP Simulation.

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IOS based apps Using MIMIC Simulator.

Wednesday, 26 November 2014

What Can SNMP Do To Manage Your Network ?

So you have decided to get a better grip on your network? Maybe you are looking at establishing some screening. But then you find out you require to configure this thing named SNMP, and that is when the issue start. There’re things to configure that you never have heard of: MIBs, OIDs, traps, polling, informs and versions.

In this article, you’ll get to know the basics, and observe how it can assist you make your network more dependable and simpler to manage.

What is SNMP anyway?

iccnalab-menuSimple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is a standard method of monitoring software and hardware from about any manufacturer, from Cisco to Microsoft. SNMP needs only a couple of essential components to function: a management station & an agent.

First, the management station - It is simply an application that gathers info from your network and shows you status of each managed device. Most of the management stations will ask your network for info on a regular basis. Management stations range from very simple to extremely difficult.

Usually, simple software is feature-limited, but can be avail freely and effortless to configure. At the same time, complex software can handle your total network and give you a full control. Also, they’ll perform things such as generate reports, do inventory, and send SMS or email alerts when systems fall short.

What Simple Network Management Protocol can do?

SNMP is extremely simple, yet very effective. It has the capability to help you handle your entire network by:

• Offer read or writer capabilities – for instance, you could employ it to reconfigure IP address or set thresholds.

• Collect error accounts into a log, helpful for troubleshooting & recognizing trends.

• Collect info on how much bandwidth is being utilized

• Email an alert when your servers’ disk space is low.

• Monitor the CPU & memory use of your server, alert when thresholds are surpassed.

• Passive SNMP simulator devices can send alerts to monitoring station on fault conditions and help you test your management station.

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Monday, 24 November 2014

Basic Components of SNMP and Their Functionalities

SNMP is one of the most widely accepted protocols to manage and monitor network elements. It’s an application-layer protocol by the IAB (Internet Architecture Board) in RFC1157 for exchanging administration info from network devices. In this article, we will take a good look at SNMP’s basic components & their functionalities.

Simple Network management Protocol consists of SNMP manager, Managed devices, SNMP agent, Management Information Base (MIB).

SNMP manager:
A manager is a separate unit that’s accountable to communicate with the SNMP agent on network devices. This is usually a software installed on a PC or a server to operate one or more network management systems.

Key functions of SNMP manager include:
• Queries agents
• Gets responses from agents
• Locates variables in agents
• Accept no synchronous events from agents
Managed devices:
A managed device is the part of the network that needs some type of monitoring and management, for example, switches, routers, workstations, servers, UPSs, printer, etc.
SNMP agents:
The agent is an application that is packaged inside the network element. The agent gathers the management information database from the device locally and makes it accessible to the SNMP manager, when it’s asked for. These agents could be specific or standard to a manufacturer.

Key functions of SNMP agent:
• Collects management info related to its local setting
• Stores and retrieve management info as defined in the Management Information Base (MIB)
• Acts as an alternative for some non–SNMP manageable network node
• Indicates event occurrences to the manager

Management Information Base (MIB):

Simulator Suite

Each SNMP agent retains an information database explaining the managed device configuration. The SNMP manager employs this database to ask the agent for precise info and further interprets the info as required for the NMS (Network Management System). This commonly allocated database between the Manager and Agent is named Management Information Base or MIB.

Usually, these MIBs contain regular set of numerical and manage values characterized for hardware nodes on a network. Also, SNMP allows the expansion of these regular values with values specific to a particular agent via the utilization of private MIBs.

In brief, MIB files are the set of parameters that an SNMP Manager can request the agent. Agent assembles these data locally and stores them as described in the Management Information Base. Therefore, the SNMP manager must be attentive of these standard & private queries for every kind of agents.

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