Gambit Communications® Network Simulation

Gambit Communications® is a provider of tools for simulating servers, networking and storage devices.

Network management software

MIMIC Simulator for testing your network management software.

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MIMIC Simulator for testing your network management software. SNMP Simulation.

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IOS based apps Using MIMIC Simulator.

Friday, 19 June 2015

SNMP – The Best Server Monitoring Tools

Server monitoring is essential to important IT infrastructural continuance. A great monitoring system not just creates alarm in reaction to important events but also offers the analytical tools to work on the bigger scenario in IT industry. For server monitoring purposes, some typical protocols are employed in the IT industry. However, SNMP is by far the most common choice and extensively used podium for server monitoring.

SNMP – a brief introduction:

Simple Network Management Protocol, SNMP is a standard protocol used to monitor servers on IP network. However, the use of SNMP extends to other devices comprising printers, switches, routers, etc. This protocol has a widespread use in NMS (Network Management System). SNMP checks each of the network-affixed devices for conditions worth assuring attention from the manager.

Working process of SNMP:

On the managed system, which organizes the system configuration – the management data are represented in the form of variables. As soon as the system is discovered by a management application, it collects all the configuration data. i It may change the configurations sometimes as needed. In case of normal SNMP uses, the administrator has a horde of tools on the management computer to perform all these operations. Around-the-clock, of the SNMP agent on the managed systems communicates with the management system. This agent takes the accountability of sending crucial information to the administrator via SNMP.

Why employ SNMP to monitor server?

SNMP is the best choice as far as server monitoring is concerned. SNMP sends easy-to-understand info to the network managers. That information helps in proper management of several devices. Only a single interface is adequate for the purpose of device administration through SNMP. It is an efficient and best device management system that makes sure a good communication between the management station and agents from various vendors. gambitThe complete network analyzer – a crucial tool of server monitoring through SNMP – provides timely analysis. Also, the analyzer is allocated the responsibility of viewing and handling statistics from the SNMP compliant tools. With the help of some crucial tools, SNMP does various important tasks comprising network interface mapping. An all-inclusive and extensive checking exemplifies the SNMP server monitoring. Regular monitoring and status display of diferent devices is a guarantee that you avail the best for your server administration and its smooth operation.

Server monitoring through SNMP uses the different network management devices to get the best piece of info concerning the network blockage. As the whole monitoring system is based on performance details from the devices, one can always anticipate SNMP to work wonderfully toward server monitoring.

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Wednesday, 10 June 2015

SNMP Message Types and Their Functions

Simple Network Management (SNMP) send operation requests and responses as SNMP message. A Simple Network Management message consists of an SNMP protocol data unit plus supplementary message header units classified by the appropriate RFC. An SNMP agent sends data in two circumstances:
• When it reacts to a request from an SNMP manager.

• When a trap event takes place

Below mentioned are SNMP message types and their function:

GET - Accesses and recover the present value of one or more MIB objects on an SNMP agent.

GetResponse - Responses to a Get, GetNext, or Set function.


GetNext – browses the complete tree of MIB objects, interpreting the worth of variables in the MIB in sequence. Generally, one use GetNext to get information from chosen lines from one or more rows of a chart. GetNext is particularly helpful for browsing dynamic charts, like n internal IP route chart or an ARP chart, reading through the chart one row at a time.

GetBulk – recovers data in pieces as large as feasible inside the given limitations on the message volume. GetBulk, which accesses several values at one time without employing a GetNext message, lessens the amount of protocol exchanges needed to recover a big amount of data. To ignore fragmentation, limit the maximum message volume to a volume smaller compared to the path maximum transmission unit, the largest frame volume allowed for a sole frame on users’ network. Generally, when it isn’t recognized how many rows are in a table, GetBulk is employed to browse entire rows in the table.

SET – alters the present value of an MIB object. To update a MIB value on the SNMP agent, the SNMP manager should have access to the object. SET is employed occasionally, since most MIB objects are read-only by default, thus illegal changes can’t be made.

Trap – informs the particular SNMP manager when an unforeseen event takes place locally on the managed host. One can employ traps for constraint security checking or for troubleshooting.

SNMP uses the connectionless UDP (User Datagram Protocol) service to send SNMP messages. SNMP employs the simple UDP transport service, which assures neither delivery nor appropriate sequencing of delivered packet, thus SNMP can carry on functioning after several other network services have malfunctioned. By default, UDP port 161 is used to listen to SNMP messages, and port 162 to listen to SNMP traps. If essential, for instance, because your company already uses ports 161 and port 162 for several other protocols – you can modify these port settings by configuring the local services file.

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Monday, 8 June 2015

How SNMPM, MIBs and OIDs Work ?

SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) consists of three crucial components: managed devices, agents, and NMS (Network Management Systems). A managed device is a node which is required to be monitored and managed. It has an SNMP agent software running on it. These devices can be routers, switches, bridges, computer hosts, printers or hubs. An agent is an application unit residing inside a device and keeps track of all the device activities. This agent interprets data into a compatible format with Simple Network Management Protocol. A Network Management System is an application that manages all nodes by communicating with the SNMP agent..

Simple Network Management Protocol – a closer look at the MIBs & OIDs:

MIB (Management Information Base) is a set of data, which’s hierarchically organized. The different pieces of data are accessed by SNMP protocol. There are two kinds of MIBs: scalar and tabular. Scalar objects delineate a single object example while tabular objects delineate multiple related object examples collected in MIB tables.

mimic2OIDs (Object Identifiers) uniquely recognize managed objects in an MIB ladder. It can be represented as a hierarchy whose nodes are allocated by diverse organizations. Usually, an OID is a long cycle of numbers, coding the nodes, divided by dots. Top level MIB object ODIs belong to diverse standard organizations. Seller delineates private branches comprising managed objects for their personal products.

MIBs, OIDs and instances:

MIBs are set of definitions, which delineate the properties of the managed object inside the device to be directed. For instance, the standard objects to screen on a printer are the diverse cartridge states and possibly the sum of printed documents, and on a switch the distinctive objects of interests are the incoming and outgoing traffic and also the volume of package loss. Each managed device maintains a database of values for each of the characterization written in the MIB. Therefore, the accessible data is actually not reliant on the database, but on the execution. Each retailer of #SNMP tool has their appropriate segment of the MIB tree configuration at their disposition.

To arrange all these appropriately, all the controllable features of entire products are organized in this MIB tree configuration. Every ‘branch’ of this tree has a number and a name, and the total path from the zenith of the tree down to the point of interest outlines the name of that point. This total path is the OID. Nodes close to the zenith of the tree are of general nature. For instance, to acquire the Internet, one requires arriving at the 4th node of the Object Identifier. When the user move further down the tree, the names get more precise, until he/she gets to the foot, where each node depicts an exact feature on a particular device.

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Tuesday, 2 June 2015

Several Advantages of Cisco NetFlow

Rapid increase of IP networks has developed curiosity in new business software and services. These innovative services have consequence in swells in demand for network bandwidth, performance, and expected quality of services. At the same time, the requirement has appeared for measurement technology to support this development by effectively offering the information needed to trace network and application resource use. Cisco's NetFlow protocol offers solutions for each of these difficulties.

NetFlow traditionally allows several crucial customer applications comprising:

netflow_sim_constant1Network monitoring - NetFlow data allows real time network monitoring abilities. Flow-based analysis methods may be employed to envisage traffic patterns concerned with individual switches and routers and also on a network-wide basis to offer hands-on problem finding, professional troubleshooting, and quick problem resolution.

Network planning – NetFlow can be employed to detain data for a long period creating the chance to track and expect network expansion and plan improvements to improve the total of routing tools, ports, or bandwidth interfaces. NetFlow aids to lessen the total expense of network operations while exploiting network performance, competence, and dependability. NetFlow distinguishes unessential WAN traffic, authenticates bandwidth and Quality of Service and enables the examination of new network software. Most importantly NetFlow will offer you helpful information to decrease the expense of running your network.

Security analysis – NetFlow detects and categorizes DDOS attacks, worms and viruses in real-time. Modifications in Network performance indicate irregularities that are evidently displayed in NetFlow data. The data is a helpful forensic tool to comprehend and rerun the history of security occurrences.

Accounting or billing – NetFlow data offers fine detailed metering for extremely flexible and comprehensive resource deployment accounting. Service suppliers may use the information for billing depend on time-of-day, bandwidth use, application use, service quality, etc. enterprise consumers may use information for cost distribution for resource consumption.

User monitoring & profiling – NetFlow data allows network engineers to get thorough understanding of consumer or user deployment of network and application resources. This info then may be used to effectively plan and distribute access, backbone and application resources and also to spot and solve possible security and rule infringements.

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