Gambit Communications® Network Simulation

Gambit Communications® is a provider of tools for simulating servers, networking and storage devices.

Network management software

MIMIC Simulator for testing your network management software.

Network Management Apps

MIMIC Simulator for testing your network management software. SNMP Simulation.

MIMIC Web Simulator

Create a large virtual lab with Gambit Communications.

IOS Simulator

IOS based apps Using MIMIC Simulator.

Wednesday, 22 July 2015

Introduction to SNMP Simulator

SNMP (Simple Network Management) simulator software is intended for testing SNMP managers against a huge number of SNMP agents that depict a potentially extremely large network colonized with different types of SNMP-competent devices.

General use for SNMP simulator software begins with either ready devices provided with the simulator or recording the test lab or production network. Another alternative is to create a simulation from MIB files. This is a good option if you don’t access to a device. Once you’ve your recording available, Simulator could use it to create a device that responds to SNMP queries just like a real SNMP agents on the recorded device.

IBM_Tivoli_Proviso SNMP based management applications can talk to the Simulator using SNMPv1, SNMPv2c or SNMPv3. For SNMPv3 it needs SNMP context name in queries, whereas for SNMPv1 it needs a particular SNMP community name to access the managed objects.

It’s also feasible with the SNMP simulator software to send different type of responses to network management application’s address, not just SNMPv3 context names.

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Tuesday, 21 July 2015

SNMP Traps and Network Management

SNMP is known as a computer network protocol and stands for “Simple Network Management Protocol”. This protocol is a means of communication to systems, switches, routers and other different network tools running SNMP agents, use to transmit crucial info regarding their status, happening over the network, and whatever else issues that are occurring. Usually, these SNMP agents are listening on a couple of UDP ports, that is 161 for general SNMP queries, and 162 for SNMP traps. When a system transmits an SNMP message in the structure of a trap, it does not matter which port it sends it out on, since the inaccessible listener is generally often listening on port 162, it should always send to 162.

sflowtrend-20120416-2SNMP traps are an important part of a whole network management solution. The traps make use of a push mode of contact, i.e. they send information to a network manager without it asking for it, in the form of an SNMP message known as a Trap. This information then is utilized by the administrator to figure out possible events happening in the network, which can affect the network status.

Fault management mainly consists of these traps, and due to that, it’s a reactive kind of technology. At the same time, performance management consists of polling monitoring, in which a polling process communicates a list of devices on port 161, and asks their agents for information related to their configuration and collects their statistics that the administrator needs. Both of these managements have their benefits and drawbacks, but what we wish to discuss about more here is the SNMP protocol and how it links to these trap messages.

maxresdefaultThe trap message has many diverse components. Here we’ll talk about the SNMP version 1 trap. The simplest means to review these components is to make use of a protocol analyzer, and detain these SNMP messages on the wire. Once collected, the observer can notice that the PDU (protocol data unit) is broken into many parts, including the enterprise, agent address, general and precise trap values, a time stamp, and a list of unpredictable bindings.

Gambit Communications is a provider of tools for simulating servers, networking and storage devices. Many leading enterprises and networking vendors around the world are using our MIMIC Simulator Suite for testing, development, operator training and disaster simulations. Now you can easily test SNMP based applications and verify your Cloud infrastructure by using our MIMIC Simulator Suite. It can generate large trap storms whenever needed, very easily.

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Monday, 20 July 2015

A Technical Overview of Cisco IOS NetFlow

NetFlow is an entrenched instrumentation within Cisco IOS software to illustrate network function. Visibility into the network is a crucial instrument for IT experts. In response to new needs and pressures, network operators are finding it tough to comprehend how the network is responding comprising:

netflow-intermapper• Application and network use

• Network efficiency and use of network resources

• The effect of changes to the network

• Network irregularity and security susceptibilities

• Long-term compliance problems

Enterprises rely a lot on Cisco IOS Netflow to fulfil their business goals. NetFlow can be employed by enterprises, small & medium-sized businesses, and channel associates to fulfil complicated network difficulties.

Increasing significance of network awareness:

The capability to distinguish IP traffic and comprehend how and where it flows is important for network accessibility, performance and troubleshooting. Screening IP traffic flows makes possible more precise capacity planning and makes sure that resources are employed properly in support of organizational objectives. It helps IT pros determine where to use Quality of Service (QoS), optimize resource use and it plays an important part in network security to perceive DoS attacks, network-broadcasted worms, and other unwanted network procedures.

NetFlow facilitates solutions to several typical issues faced by IT pros, such as:

netflow-solarwinds-nta• Test new applications and their network impact – recognize new application network loads, for example VoIP or inaccessible site additions.

• Decrease in WAN traffic – employ netFlow statistics to weigh up WAN traffic enhancement from application-policy changes; comprehend who’s making use of the network and network top talkers.

• Troubleshooting & comprehending network pain points – analyse slow network accomplishment, bandwidth hogs and bandwidth consumption speedily with command line interface.

• Exposure of unofficial WAN traffic – ignore expensive advancements by recognizing the applications causing blockage.

• Security and inconsistency detection – netflow can be employed for irregularity finding and worm analysis alongside applications like Cisco.

• Confirmation of QoS limitations – authenticate that proper bandwidth has been assigned to each CoS (Class of Service) and that no Class of Service is over or under-subscribed.

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Tuesday, 7 July 2015

SNMP Monitoring

SNMP is undoubtedly the most essential component of the total network management. It enables a management station to group the entire network of devices to collect of the right information. Since the all network devices have SNMP agents which are responsible for sending different performance reports to the management station, it becomes clearly evident to make sure that the SNMP is working properly to get clear reports on interface use, memory use, etc.

SNMPSNMP offers the network performance information in a familiar and non-proprietary way, therefore the information supplied by SNMP is simple to be understood by network managers. This further aids in device supervision from all different vendors by employing single-interface and general network management devices. SNMP monitoring is therefore very important for best device administration so that the entire management stations can effectively converse with agents from several vendors and able to work concurrently. For successful network administration SNMP monitoring is essential that involves complete network analyzer to provide both in-time analysis combine with the capability to handle and view statistics from SNMP compliant tools. Besides you can take into account a solution that offers solution for network interface mapping, check out RAM space and several other back-end support systems to aid you understand the network blockages by persistently monitoring and displaying different tools and route standings.This information is very important for networking managers to make sure up-time for different organizational websites.

The complete network analyzer inserted in SNMP monitoring system offers the supplementary meticulous information that even a SNMP management device lacks, the monitoring devices solve network manager’s issues at greater levels and aids them resolve performance system with rather easy and better performance metrics. These features can offer constant insight information relating to regular operations of the network interfaces or elements.

urlThough SNMP agents are competent enough of offering all types of crucial information for the productive network management, monitoring and later on troubleshooting tools for swift issue rectification, SNMP as a standalone system isn’t competent enough in dealing with a thorough and complete network monitoring. SNMP doesn’t offer all types of information that the network managers needs to stay on the top. Therefore, for a complete network management and thorough of different performance problems, you require highly competent network monitoring services that not just features regular performance reports but also send system created alerts if something goes wrong with the network or any of the network interfaces display hints of under performance.

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Thursday, 2 July 2015

SNMP Traps – How Can Your Resolve Them

To manage network and IT infrastructure properly, one requires capturing and examining packets of information sent on the networks, known as SNMP traps. These are PDUs (protocol data units) sent by diverse systems, devices and agents on the network utilizing the SNMP protocols and contain info regarding events occurring to those systems. This information is very important to a network manager and it is essential that a capable NMS (network management system) is installed to capture this data in real-time. The secret is to ensure the network management system is capable of understanding and resolving the information contained in the traps.

SNMPThere’re several layers of information in the trap, known as variable bindings (VARBIND) and the management systems should be able to correctly recognize each variable bindings. Each variable binding contains a piece of information known as OID (Object Identifier). Each OID is comprised by a sequence of number, and each depicts a unique entity in the universe.

To recognize the OIDs, an effective system should utilize a complete ASN.1 Database. It also assists to have a quality MIB complier built into the system so users can gather and load new ASN.1 MIBs into the system in case the NMS finds an Object Identifier that it doesn’t comprehend. The complier breaks through the text, collects the objects into completely qualified OIDs, and slots in the information and its dependencies into the database for later use by the system. The best management system have ways of mechanically getting MIBs from online libraries and bringing them together into the system, and that way the system can have mechanical determination and resolution of these SNMP traps.

Apart from compiling and getting MIBs, a good SNMP trap management system can also have a configuration of trap filters. These filters have in-built inforSNMP trapsmation that enables the management system to recognize, categorize and arrange the information in a prearranged way. This is in fact the best means to deal with #SNMP trap PDUs, as it enables the system to work at a correct rate, particularly in the middle of a trap flood. These floods aren’t altogether uncommon, and the Network Management System should be able to deal with these in a timely and safe manner. Some of these systems have hundreds, even thousands of these filter definitions, and they can productively examine traps at a fast pace using de-duplication algorithms. As soon as these traps are received, and the Object Identifiers are recognized, the traps can be resolved accurately and then can be finally processed by doing the event correlation. The perfect SNMP trap solution can determine the situation and then within the situation look at the other possibly associated events that may be occurring also.

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